Early Modern Low Countries https://emlc-journal.org/ <p><em>Early Modern Low Countries</em> (EMLC) is a leading open access journal dedicated to the study of the early modern Low Countries. We publish multidisciplinary and state-of-the-art scholarship on any aspect of the turbulent history of this region between 1500 and 1830. The journal has its origins in a cooperation between two former journals on the Low Countries, <em>De Zeventiende Eeuw</em> and <em>De Achttiende Eeuw</em>. You may visit the archives of <em>DZE </em><a href="http://www.dbnl.org/titels/tijdschriften/tijdschrift.php?id=_zev001zeve01">here</a> and those of <em>DAE</em> <a href="http://www.dbnl.org/titels/tijdschriften/tijdschrift.php?id=_doc003docu01">here</a>.</p> en-US <p>Authors who publish with <em>EMLC</em> agree to the following terms:</p> <ol> <li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a> (CC BY 4.0) or a <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Creative Commons NonCommercial 4.0 International License</a> (CC BY-NC 4.0) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> </ol> <p>Authors are explicitly encouraged to deposit their article in their institutional repository.</p> earlymodernlowcountries@gmail.com (David van der Linden) info@openjournals.nl (openjournals) Mon, 26 Jun 2023 09:15:19 +0200 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Anna Maria Van Schurman’s Chinese Calligraphy https://emlc-journal.org/article/view/11103 <p>Calligraphy is an understudied aspect of the reception of Chinese art in early modern Europe. Chinese visitors to Middelburg (1601) and Amsterdam (1654) first demonstrated it as a cultural practice. Other written samples circulated in the Dutch Republic, an emporium for Chinese goods. This article focuses on a previously unknown participant in this exchange: Anna Maria van Schurman, Europe’s first female university student, who had mastered various Asian scripts and was expected to try her hand at Chinese and Japanese. In 1637 Andreas Colvius sent her samples of East Asian writing to copy ‘by her own hand’. This exchange makes possible a transcultural study of the calligraphic gift. Via the popular writings of Matteo Ricci, Van Schurman’s correspondents may have learned about the role of calligraphy in fostering social relationships in late Ming China. Some of the visual and material qualities of East Asian writing must have made it look like a fitting tribute to a female European scholar of high profile and, in being exchanged as a gift, calligraphy acquired new meanings even while remaining illegible. In seventeenth-century China and Europe, the friendly exchange of calligraphy expressed new forms of sociability.</p> Thijs Weststeijn Copyright (c) 2023 Thijs Weststeijn https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://emlc-journal.org/article/view/11103 Mon, 26 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0200 Worldly Threads https://emlc-journal.org/article/view/12428 <p>This article examines the layered history of <em>Japonse</em> <em>rokken</em>, European silk production, and self-fashioning in Dutch-American portraiture. First imported from Japan and subsequently copied by European tailors, <em>Japonse rokken</em> became popular in the Dutch Republic as the Dutch East India Company developed an exclusive trade relationship with Japan. By the early eighteenth century, European weavers had begun producing silks, referred to as <em>indiennes</em>, with dynamic patterns inspired by Asian design motifs. On both sides of the Atlantic, elite Dutchmen fashioned themselves in these silk robes: a ca. 1700-1705 patroon portrait, for example, presents New York merchant Isaac de Peyster (1662-1728) wearing a <em>Japonse rok</em> cut from an <em>indienne</em>. While the Dutch community in early New York has been considered peripheral to the Dutch Republic, I argue that in adopting a garment styled after Japanese robes, tailored from silk woven in Europe, and painted in a Hudson Valley style, the Dutch-American elite signalled their ability to access, understand, and participate in intellectual and mercantile networks that spanned from Asia to Europe to the Americas.</p> Cynthia Kok Copyright (c) 2023 Cynthia Kok https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://emlc-journal.org/article/view/12428 Mon, 26 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0200 Civic Babylonian Pride in Vondel’s Mars Tamed https://emlc-journal.org/article/view/13456 <p>In 1647, one year ahead of the official celebrations of the Peace of Westphalia, the Dutch poet and playwright Joost van den Vondel published a long panegyric called <em>De getemde Mars</em> (‘Mars Tamed’), a poem fully translated into English for the first time in this article. Despite celebrating the Peace, Vondel did not refrain from presenting extremely violent scenes of war in the middle part of the poem. Surprisingly, however, the war scene shifts from the wars that devastated Europe to a war which Mars wages against Jupiter and his circle of gods. Unable to control Mars, and on the verge of seeing his rule collapse, Jupiter looks for support and finds it in an allegorical maiden representing the Dutch Republic and its main hub Amsterdam. This article argues that the allegory employed by Vondel is set up against itself. The familiar allegorisation of classical material for Christian purposes turns into a baroque allegory that works against principles of theologically underpinned political sovereignty. Here, the poem testifies to a distinct civil pride, with Vondel considering the burgomasters of Amsterdam, which he takes as embodying civil government, as a prominent source of international peace. By 1648, however, the Dutch Republic had also become an imperial and global power that confronted other sovereign states in violent actions. In this context, the poem’s baroque contradictions multiply.</p> Frans-Willem Korsten, Lucy H.G. McGourty Copyright (c) 2023 Frans-Willem Korsten, Lucy H.G. McGourty https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://emlc-journal.org/article/view/13456 Mon, 26 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0200 Writing Doom https://emlc-journal.org/article/view/14879 <p><strong><em>Reviewed books</em></strong></p> <p>Quintin Barry, <em>From Solebay to the Texel. The Third Anglo-Dutch War, 1672-1674</em>, Helion &amp; Company, 2018, 128 pp. ISBN 9781911628033.</p> <p>Theo Basoski, <em>Voor de Heer en voor Oranje</em><em>. Simon Oomius en zijn orangistische bazuinen (1672-1674)</em>, Verloren, 2020, 208 pp. ISBN 9789087048242.</p> <p>Renger de Bruin, Lodewijk Gerretsen, and Willem te Sla, <em>Branden of Betalen. Kasteel Amerongen en Slot Zuylen in het Rampjaar</em>, W Books, 2022, 64 pp. ISBN 9789462584938.</p> <p>Arnout van Cruyningen, <em>1672. Het rampjaar van de Republiek</em>, Omniboek, 2022, 192 pp. ISBN 9789401918862.</p> <p>Wouter van Dijk, <em>Soldaten in de Vechtstreek, 1672-1673. Sporen van het Rampjaar in het archief</em>, Waanders/Regionaal Historisch Centrum Vecht en Venen, 2022, 96 pp. ISBN 9789462624610.</p> <p>Arjen Dijkstra and Joop Koopmans (eds.), <em>Verzet en Vrijheid. Het Gronings ontzet van 1672 en de universiteit</em>, University of Groningen Press/Universiteitsmuseum Groningen, 2022, 119 pp. ISBN 9789403429823.</p> <p>Anne Doedens and Liek Mulder, <em>Moordbranders in de Republiek. Het Rampjaar door de ogen van Andries Schoemaker, juni 1672-november 1673</em>, Walburg Pers, 2022, 197 pp. 9789462497986.</p> <p>Anne Doedens, Liek Mulder, and Frits de Ruyter de Wildt, <em>Agenten voor de koning. Engelse spionage tijdens het Rampjaar, 1672-1673</em>, Waanders, 2022, 176 pp. ISBN 9789462623934.</p> <p>Ineke Huysman and Roosje Peeters (eds.), <em>Johan de Witt en het Rampjaar. Een bloemlezing uit zijn correspondentie</em>, Catullus, 2022, 272 pp. ISBN 9789492409720.</p> <p>Sunny Jansen, <em>De vrouw die Friesland redde. Albertine Agnes en het Rampjaar 1672</em>, Balans, 2022, 320 pp. ISBN 9789463822060.</p> <p>Jacob Knegtel and Jos Cuijpers (eds.), <em>Rampjaar of jubeljaar? Brabant in 1672-74</em>, Zuidelijk Historisch Contact/Pictures Publishers, 2022, 128 pp. ISBN 9789492576606.</p> <p>Olaf van Nimwegen, <em>De veertigjarige oorlog (1672-1712). De strijd van de Nederlanders tegen de Zonnekoning</em>, Prometheus, 2020, 416 pp. ISBN 9789044638714.</p> <p>Leen Ouweneel, <em>Regenten en de Waterlinie in het Rampjaar. Hoe de Hollandse Waterlinie tot stand kwam</em>, Historische Uitgaven Schoonhoven, 2022, 267 pp. ISBN 9789082309553.</p> <p>Luc Panhuysen, <em>Rampjaar 1672. Hoe de Republiek aan de ondergang ontsnapte</em>, Atlas Contact, 2<sup>nd</sup> ed. 2022 (1<sup>st</sup> ed. 2009), 476 pp. ISBN 9789045045429.</p> <p>Wout Troost, <em>Hiëronymus van Beverningk tijdens het Rampjaar 1672</em>, Walburg Pers, 2021, 170 pp. ISBN 9789462497900.</p> <p>Daan Wolfert, <em>Een ramp voor de Vechtstreek, 1672-1673</em>, Verloren, 2022, 247 pp. ISBN 9789087049980.</p> Arthur der Weduwen Copyright (c) 2023 Arthur der Weduwen https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://emlc-journal.org/article/view/14879 Mon, 26 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0200 Adam Sundberg, Natural disaster at the closing of the Dutch Golden Age https://emlc-journal.org/article/view/14880 Maïka De Keyzer Copyright (c) 2023 Maïka De Keyzer https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://emlc-journal.org/article/view/14880 Mon, 26 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0200 Ruben Suykerbuyk, The Matter of Piety. Zoutleeuw’s Church of Saint Leonard and Religious Material Culture in the Low Countries (c. 1450-1620) https://emlc-journal.org/article/view/14881 Carolina Lenarduzzi Copyright (c) 2023 Carolina Lenarduzzi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://emlc-journal.org/article/view/14881 Mon, 26 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0200 Peter Gorter, Gereformeerde migranten. De religieuze identiteit van Nederlandse gereformeerde migrantengemeenten in de rijkssteden Frankfurt am Main, Aken en Keulen (1555-1600) https://emlc-journal.org/article/view/14882 Johannes Müller Copyright (c) 2023 Johannes Müller https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://emlc-journal.org/article/view/14882 Mon, 26 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0200 Frans Blom, Podium van Europa. Creativiteit en ondernemen in de Amsterdamse Schouwburg van de zeventiende eeuw https://emlc-journal.org/article/view/14883 Freya Sierhuis Copyright (c) 2023 Freya Sierhuis https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://emlc-journal.org/article/view/14883 Mon, 26 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0200 Alan Moss, Gemaakt op reis. Nederlandse jongeren op reis in de zeventiende eeuw; Michaël Green, Le Grand tour, 1701-1703. Lettres d’Henry Bentinck, vicomte de Woodstock et de son précepteur Paul Rapin Thoyras à Hans Willem Bentinck, comte de Portland https://emlc-journal.org/article/view/14884 Gerrit Verhoeven Copyright (c) 2023 Gerrit Verhoeven https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://emlc-journal.org/article/view/14884 Mon, 26 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0200